An ergonomic approach to reducing back/shoulder stress in hospital nursing personnel: a five year follow up.
Int J Nurs Stud, 2002 Mar; Vol. 39 (3), pp. 295-302
The purpose of the
study was to determine the impact of an ergonomic program on perceived
stress ratings, injury rates and patient care. After implementation of
the ergonomic program, the perceived stress ratings by nursing staff were
lower than those ratings at the control hospital and the patients felt
more comfortable and secure during patient handling tasks than the patients
at the control hospital. Eighteen months after ergonomic interventions,
the back and shoulder injuries were reduced, and the lost workdays and
restricted/transitional days were decreased. Five years after the implementation,
the back and shoulder injuries continued to decrease as well as the lost
workdays and restricted days. At the control hospital, the back and shoulder
injury rates, the lost workdays, and the restricted days remained stable
throughout the study period.
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